Working and construction of synchronous generator in detail






Working and construction of synchronous generator in detail
A synchronous generator is a type of electrical machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy through the process of electromagnetic induction. It operates on the principle of Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction, where a changing magnetic field induces an electromotive force (EMF) in a conductor. The working of a synchronous generator involves a rotor and a stator. The rotor is the rotating part of the machine that contains the field winding and is connected to a prime mover, such as a turbine or engine. The stator is the stationary part of the machine that contains the armature winding. When the rotor is turned by the prime mover, it creates a rotating magnetic field that induces an EMF in the armature winding of the stator. The construction of a synchronous generator includes a stator core made of laminated steel sheets to reduce eddy current losses, armature windings for generating electrical output, and a field winding for creating the magnetic field. The rotor may have a salient pole design with protruding poles or a cylindrical rotor with a smooth surface. An example of a synchronous generator is a hydroelectric generator used in power plants to convert the mechanical energy of flowing water into electrical energy. These generators are highly efficient and reliable, making them suitable for large-scale power generation. A verifiable fact about synchronous generators is that they are commonly used in synchronous condensers to provide reactive power support and voltage regulation in power systems. This helps to stabilize the grid and maintain a balance between supply and demand. In summary, a synchronous generator works by converting mechanical energy into electrical energy through electromagnetic induction. Its construction includes a rotor with a field winding and a stator with armature windings, designed to efficiently generate electricity. Examples of synchronous generators include hydroelectric generators, and they play a crucial role in maintaining grid stability and power system reliability.