Nuclear Fusion


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Nuclear Fusion
Nuclear Fusion is a process where multiple atomic nuclei join together to form a single, heavier nucleus. This process releases a large amount of energy, which is harnessed for a variety of purposes, such as powering stars and generating electricity. Nuclear fusion occurs when two atoms of hydrogen (the lightest element) combine to form an atom of helium (the second lightest element). During this process, the mass of the two original hydrogen atoms is converted into energy. This energy is released in the form of gamma rays, which can be harnessed for various purposes. The most common example of nuclear fusion is the sun. The sun is powered by the energy released through nuclear fusion. This energy is released when four hydrogen atoms combine to form one helium atom. This process is known as the proton-proton chain reaction. Nuclear fusion can also be used to generate electricity on Earth. This is done by using a process called magnetic confinement fusion. In this process, energy is released when two atoms of hydrogen are forced together in an extremely hot and dense environment, such as inside a fusion reactor. The energy released is then used to generate electricity. A fun fact about nuclear fusion is that it is the same process that powers stars such as our Sun. This means that the same process that is used to generate electricity on Earth is also used to power stars in the universe!